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- Astrology as a Pseudoscience is Actually Incredibly Harmful
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Returning occurs when the planet being applied to is either retrograde or combust. Some sources refer to cadent planets as returning aspects as well, but this doesn't seem as common and doesn't fit as well as the other two conditions. When planets are in retrograde motion they are moving backwards through the zodiac.
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This means they effectively meet any planets applying to them in the middle, forming something often referred to as a "mutual application" both planets are applying to one another. So the faster planet hands over its significations to the slower planet, but because the slower planet is also technically applying to the first planet, the slower planet just sort of hands back whatever the first planet was trying to give it. Something similar occurs with combust planets.
Because they are combust, they lack their own light and are overcome by the intensity of the Sun. This renders them unable to really accept any pushing that comes from other sources. This is typically considered a form of returning, but may also simply be a case wherein the heavier planet simply cannot manifest whatever it is being tasked with.
This action of returning puts pressure on the applying planet. Suddenly realizing it has more responsibility than it initially thought, this faster planet must now manifest the thing as best as it can in its own condition. If this planet is itself well placed this should be fine, but it can be troublesome if the planet is in a difficult position.
Even though pushing management suggests that lighter planets hand off their significations entirely, there are still circumstances when they have a direct effect on them even after handing them over to a heavier planet. These circumstances are pushing nature and power. Pushing power has the most direct effect on whether something will manifest or not, while pushing nature is more effective over the quality, type, or condition of the outcome. In pushing power, a planet in some of its own dignity applies to another planet and hands over management like in all applications.
However, since the applying planet is dignified, it hands over some of the power or resources it has to its partner so that they may benefit from its strength. In the earlier example of the Moon in Cancer applying to Jupiter, it doesn't matter if Jupiter is ill dignified or afflicted, the Moon's strength can help give him a boost to do what he needs to do. Of course, this will have to be weighed against the other factors involved. Pushing nature is the most mysterious of the pushing mechanics. There is not a lot of literature available about it, and there appears to be even less reference to it in classical chart examples.
Part of the reason may be that the criteria for pushing nature a planet applying to the domicile, exaltation, triplicity, term, or face lord of its degree is the same as reception. It is likely that pushing nature eventually became engulfed by this more widely used technique.
What we do know about pushing nature comes from early Arabic sources like Abu Ma'shar and al-Qabisi. It is even mentioned in Abraham ibn Ezra's work. The technique suggests that when a planet receives the application of another from a place it holds dignity it accepts something of that planet's nature and expresses it itself. So while the lighter planet has passed off significations, it's also passed along some of its personality. This means that whatever results from the application will be of a nature similar to both planets.
Aspects are typically only considered in regards to their form, but hardly ever their function. When discussing aspects the conversation is about if they are trines or squares, but never about what exactly is being transmitted. Awareness of the mechanics occurring behind the scenes of these contacts can help us better understand how they will ultimately perform and will allow us to more easily conceptualize other techniques like reception.
The Arabic word used is "daf" from the verb "daf'a" which does literally mean to push way, but also to hand over. See Dyke's Introduction to Traditional Astrology pg for further information regarding the translation and implications of word usage. It actually seems like there may be some confusion on this.
Poll: Do you believe in astrology? · The Daily Edge
In the case of our example, Jupiter would push his to the Moon instead of the way it is presented in the article. Astrology posits that the natural world and we human beings in it are affected by the movements of the sun, moon and stars through the heavens, and that who we are is shaped by the exact position of these celestial bodies at the time of our birth. A natal star chart, therefore, presents the sky on the date and exact time of birth, from which the astrologer extrapolates character traits and predictions. Following the interest the public showed in the Princess Margaret horoscope, the paper decided to run several more forecasts from Naylor.
Suddenly, a lot more people were paying attention to the star column. The column offered advice to people whose birthdays fell that the week, but within a few years, Naylor or a clever editor determined that he needed to come up with something that could apply to larger volumes of readers. This fits with what newspapers really are and have virtually always been — not just vehicles for hard news and so-called important stories, but also distributors of entertainment gossip and sports scores, advice on love matters and how to get gravy stains out of clothing, practical information about stock prices and TV schedules, recipes and knitting patterns, comics and humor, even games and puzzles.
Whether those features are the spoonful of sugar to help the hard news medicine go down or whether people just pick up the paper for the horoscope makes little difference to the bottom line. A National Science Foundation survey from found that just 12 percent of Americans read their horoscope every day or often, while 32 percent read them occasionally. More recently, the American Federation of Astrologers put the number of Americans who read their horoscope every day as high as 70 million, about 23 percent of the population.
Astrologers, meanwhile, were far more sanguine — your sign is still your sign, they counseled; some, Cainer included, sighed that the wobble story was just another salvo in the fiercely pitched battle between astronomers and astrologers. At the same time, a significant portion of the population believe in the underpinnings of newspapers horoscopes. People who read their horoscopes also pay attention to what they say. More recent research, published in the October issue of the Journal of Consumer Research , found that people who read a negative horoscope were more likely to indulge in impulsive or self-indulgent behavior soon after.
Why are people willing to re-order their love lives, buy a lottery ticket, or a take a new job based on the advice of someone who knows nothing more about them than their birthdate? One reason we can rule out is scientific validity. Of all the empirical tests that have been done on astrology, in all fields, says Dr. For example, in a study published in the journal Nature , Dr. A study out in , conducted by former astrologer Dr. Geoffrey Dean and psychologist Dr. Ivan Kelly, tracked the lives of 2, subjects who were all born within minutes of one another over several decades.
The theory was that if astrological claims about star position and birthdates were true, then the individuals would have shared similar traits; they did not. But despite a preponderance of scientific evidence to suggest that the stars do not influence our lives — and even personally demonstrable evidence such as that financial windfall your horoscope told you to expect on the eighth of the month failed to materialize — people continue to believe.
Forer gave his students a personality test, followed by a description of their personality that was supposedly based on the results of the test. In reality, there was only ever one description, cobbled together from newspaper horoscopes, and everyone received the same one.
Astrology as a Pseudoscience is Actually Incredibly Harmful
Part of what was happening was that the descriptions were positive enough, without being unbelievably positive:. You have a great deal of unused capacity which you have not turned to your advantage. While you have some personality weaknesses, you are generally able to compensate for them. At times you have serious doubts as to whether you have made the right decision or done the right thing. At times you are extroverted, affable, sociable, while at other times you are introverted, wary, reserved. Even horoscope writers admit that some of their success rests in not saying too much. You develop the art of being vague.
French, the Goldsmith psychologist, notes that people who read horoscopes are often invested in making their horoscope right for them. On the one hand, the straightforward answer is that, according to a host of scientific studies, astrology does not work.
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That observation tallies with what other psychologists say: Margaret Hamilton, a psychologist at the University of Wisconsin who found that people are more likely to believe favorable horoscopes , noted that people who are believers in astrology also tend to be more anxious or neurotic. Newspaper horoscopes, she said, offer a bit of comfort, a sort of seeing through the veil on a casual level.
Philosophically, there is something about reading horoscopes that does imply a placing of oneself. We have a very, very strong predisposition to notice regularities in nature and the world, to the extent that we see more than there are. There are good evolutionary reasons for this, in short a false positive is less risky than failure to observe a truth. Horoscopes walk a fine line, and, for many people, an appealing one.
Astrologers might agree. But really, at the end of the day, are horoscopes doing more harm than good, or more good than harm?
What's the harm in astrology?
It all depends on whom you ask and, of course, on the appropriateness of the advice being given. It is also an insult to the science of psychology and the richness of human personality. I should have said that this new age drivel is undermining the very fabric of our civilization. At their heart, horoscopes are a way to offset the uncertainty of daily life.
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And people hate doing nothing.